Why Urinary Incontinence Occurs

Why Urinary Incontinence Occurs

Urinary Incontinence or Bladder control problems can be embarrassing, but understanding what causes incontinence can improve your chances of getting it under control.

Urinary incontinence occurs when the muscles in the bladder that control the flow of urine contract or relax involuntarily.

This results in either leaking or uncontrolled urination.

The condition affects nearly 1 in 10 people over age 65.

Urinary incontinence can range from mild, occasional leaking to chronic uncontrolled urination.

Causes of Urinary Incontinence

Incontinence may be a temporary problem caused by a urinary tract infection (UTI), Constipation, certain medications, or it can be a chronic condition.

The most common causes of Chronic Incontinence are:

  • Overactive bladder muscles
  • Weakened pelvic floor muscles
  • For some men, an enlarged prostate.
  • Nerve damage that affects bladder control
  • Chronic bladder inflammation or other bladder conditions
  • A disability or limitation that makes it difficult to get to the toilet quickly
  • Side effects from a prior surgery

Stress Incontinence

While there are many different types of urinary incontinence, the most common include stress incontinence and overactive bladder (also called Urge Incontinence).

Stress incontinence is caused when the muscles surrounding the bladder weaken and can no longer help it operate correctly. Therefore, when you do anything that puts pressure through your abdominal muscles or pelvic floor muscles then it presses on the bladder and causes a loss of urine. Don’t be fooled, a lot of activities concern muscle groups that you weren’t aware of, so if you are gaining the symptoms its always good to be prepared in every situation.

Childbirth- This has the potential to massively affect your pelvic floor muscles. You could get the symptoms straight after delivery or it could take years to come through. Within the first three months after childbirth, 1/3 of women say they have gained urinary incontinence. Therefore, if you are planning on having a baby or are pregnant start to do pelvic floor exercises to begin building the strength up. This will reduce the probability of getting stress incontinence.

Prostate surgery- In men, the leading factor that leads to stress incontinence is the removal of the prostate gland as a treatment of prostate cancer. As the prostrate is very close to the muscles near the bladder this is a side effect of that surgery.

Contributing factors:

  • An illness that causes chronic sneezing or coughing
  • High intensity activity that has been done for many years
  • Obesity
  • Smoking, as this causes frequent coughing.

Stress incontinence is the most common bladder control problem in young and middle-aged women.

In younger women, the condition may be due to an inherent weakness of the pelvic floor muscles or an effect from the stress of childbirth.

In middle-aged women, stress incontinence may begin to be a problem at menopause.

Urge Incontinence

Sometimes called overactive bladder, or OAB, urge incontinence occurs when a person feels the urge to urinate but is unable to hold back the urine long enough to get to a bathroom.


Urge incontinence has not been fully researched yet so these are just some factors that increase the chance of getting urge incontinence.

  • Its more prominent as we age, as most of our body’s muscles deteriorate as we get older
  • Symptoms may get worse if you are stressed or by drinking certain drinks such as fizzy drinks, caffeine or alcohol
  • It can be linked to having other medical conditions such as Stroke, Parkinson’s disease and Multiple sclerosis as these may interfere with brain signals going towards the bladder
  • Enlarged prostate gland can affect incontinence in men
  • Constipation can mess with your bladder
  • A history of poor bladder habits.

This can have many complications as it can causes obstruction to daily tasks that you might carry out however, there are treatments and solutions to help you continue with your daily life. Small or Large incontinence pads will help keep the dribble in and contain it. If it’s a little more then a dribble there are pull up pants. These will help restore your confidence in your body to do all of the daily tasks you were doing before. Bed pads could also be used to catch any dribbles or leaks of urine during the night.

Other Types of Incontinence

Overflow incontinence: This occurs when a person is unable to empty their bladder completely and it overflows as new urine is produced.

Overflow incontinence sometimes occurs in men who have an enlarged prostate. It’s also found in people with diabetes or spinal cord injuries.

What Help’s Urinary Incontinence

The treatment of urinary incontinence varies depending on the cause of the bladder control problem.

In most cases, a physician will try the simplest treatment approach before resorting to medication or surgery.

Pelvic muscle exercises: Also called Kegel exercises (named after the gynecologist, Dr. Arnold Kegel, who developed them), this exercise routine helps strengthen weak pelvic muscles and improve bladder control.

The person contracts the muscles used to keep in urine, holds the contraction for 4 to 10 seconds, then relaxes the muscles for the same amount of time.

It may take weeks or months of regular pelvic exercise to show improvement.

Another way to perform Kegel exercises is to interrupt the flow of urine for several seconds while urinating.

Where to Buy Incontinence Products

At Your Comfort Healthcare we have a wide range of Washable Incontinence Pants as well as Disposable Incontinence Products – Large Pads, Adult Slips and Pull Up Pants.

See out full range at:https://www.yourcomforthealthcare.com/product-category/incontinence-shop/

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